Louisiana's 2012 Coastal Master Plan includes a variety of projects to both restore Louisiana's disappearing coast as well as to protect the communities and industries that call our state home.
Priority coastal restoration projects can be broken out into the following types:
Barrier Island and Headland Restoration: Creation and restoration of dune, beach and back-barrier marsh to restore Louisiana's offshore barrier islands and headlands, which serve as our first line of defense against storms.
Hydrologic Restoration: Use of structures and/or channels to divert fresh water from the Mississippi and Atchafalaya Rivers into adjacent basins to build land.
Marsh Creation: Dredged sediment is used to build land in open water areas.
Oyster Reef Restoration: Structures engineered to encourage oyster development are used to create living shorelines that provide protection from erosion caused by waves. Additionally, oyster reef projects can help improve water quality and can maintain themselves over time.
Ridge restoration: Reestablishment of historic ridges in basins through local dredging, sediment placement and vegetative plantings to restore natural ridge functions.
Sediment diversions: Use of structures and/or channels to divert sediment and fresh water from the Mississippi and Atchafalaya Rivers into adjacent basins to build land via sediment deposition.
Shoreline protection: Nearshore rock breakwaters to reduce wave energies on shorelines in open bays, lakes, sounds and bayous. Shoreline protection projects also include work on navigation channels.